INQUIRY HELD: Medomsley Detention Centre
More than 140 people claimed they were abused as youngsters in Medomsley Detention Centre in the 1970s and 1980s and Durham Police has received more calls since a TV documentary was broadcast this week.
They had no escape from staff who subjected them to sexual and physical abuse while they were behind bars for crimes which today would often receive a community punishment.
Guard Neville Husband was jailed in 2003 for committing sex attacks on youngsters. Accomplice Leslie Johnson, a store man at the centre, was also jailed. They have since died.
One trainee was sexually abused after having a bread knife held to his throat, another attacked after he stole marzipan and icing from a store.
Solicitor David Greenwood, a specialist in the rights of survivors of sexual abuse, represents 53 people who claim they were abused at Medomsley.
He said: If everyone comes forward and pursues civil compensation claims it could cost £8m-£12m.
That is not taking into account the cost of the police investigation and any public inquiry.
Mr Greenwood, based in Wakefield, West Yorkshire, praised Durham Polices progressive investigation, which could stretch well into 2015.
The mechanisms they are putting in place to support survivors who are describing for the first time what happened, and obviously are vulnerable, are really encouraging, he said.
I hope that the inquiry into Medomsley becomes a template for inquiries into institutional abuse.